Neutron activation analysis of western mediterranean obsidians the analysis of obsidians from archaeological sites in Italy andFrance and its archaeological implications. by Olwen Williams

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Published by The author in Bradford .

Written in English

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M.A. dissertation, Postgraduate School of Studies in Physics, University of Bradford.

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Number of Pages113
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Open LibraryOL21504878M

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Neutron activation of Pre-Chalcolithic Western Mediterranean obsidian. Proceedings ó/' the International Conference on Nuclear Physics, Munich.

PaperHallam, B. R., Warren, S. & Renfrew, C. Obsidian in the Western Mediterranean characterisation by neutron activation analysis and optical emission by: In the Western Mediterranean area all obsidians.

in Meso- to Neolithic sites come from one of four. Instrumental neutron activation analysis, inductively coupled plasma (ICP) mass spectrometry. The contents of Na, Al, Si, K, Ca and Fe of 99 obsidians from the western Mediterranean islands of Lipari, Palmarola, Pantelleria and Sardinia were de Cited by:   Diffusion of obsidian in the Mediterranean basin in the neolithic period: A trace element characterization of obsidian from Sardinia by instrumental neutron activation analysis.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry(3), DOI: /sCited by: Book. Full-text available Neutron activation analysis is confirmed to be a reliable method for the sourcing of obsidian in Italy.

This paper presents the first results of the Raman. Obsidian samples from the Mediterranean (Aegean, Flegrean, North Latium, Sicily, Sardinia) and Near East (Anatolia) areas were directly collected on the sites and considered as reference.

Almost 30 elements were analyzed by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA). Hallam, B.R., Warren, S.E. and Renfrew, A.C. Obsidian in the western Mediterranean: Characterisation by neutron activation analysis and optical Neutron activation analysis of western mediterranean obsidians book spectroscopy.

Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 85– Google Scholar. Analysis. Neutron activation analysis was performed in the radioanalytical laboratory at the pulsed fast reactor IBR-2 of the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, JINR, Dubna, Russia [16].

For short irradiation samples of about g were heat-sealed in polyethylene bags. Chemical fingerprinting using major or trace element composition is used to characterize the Mediterranean island sources of obsidian and can even differentiate as many as nine flows in the Monte Arci region of Sardinia.

Analysis of significant numbers of obsidian artifacts from Neolithic sites in the central Mediterranean reveals specific patterns of source exploitation and suggests.

Analysis of obsidian tesserae by Neutron Activation Analysis. The composition of trace elements determined by neutron activation analysis of obsidian was compared to those of other obsidians from known sites (Table 2).

In particular, the works of Hallam et al. and Ammerman et al. were taken into account. On the basis of trace elements. Obsidian is produced when felsic lava extruded from a volcano cools rapidly with minimal Neutron activation analysis of western mediterranean obsidians book is commonly found within the margins of rhyolitic lava flows known as obsidian flows, where the chemical composition (high silica content) causes a high viscosity, which, upon rapid cooling, results in a natural glass forming from the lava.

The inhibition of atomic diffusion through this. Chemical fingerprinting using major or trace element composition is used to characterize the Mediterranean island sources of obsidian and can even differentiate as many as nine flows in the Monte Arci region of Sardinia.

Analysis of significant numbers of obsidian artifacts from Neolithic sites in the central Mediterranean reveals specific patterns of source exploitation and suggests.

Glascock, M.D. and Anderson M.P. Geological reference materials for standardization and quality assurance of instrumental neutron activation analysis.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Articles – CrossRef Google Scholar. ‘ Obsidian in the western Mediterranean: characterization by neutron activation analysis and optical emission spectroscopy ’, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 42, 85 – Hallam, S.

Algae and Seagrass, Elemental Analysis Mediterranean Sea, Neutron Activation Analysis. Introduction. With an estimated population of million inhabitants that increases sharply during the summer tourist season, the Mediterranean coast, including its Egyptian part, is particularly subject to strong human pressure [1].

Obsidian is a volcanic glass, generally aphyric and chemically homogeneous, formed from a rapid solidification of rhyolitic magma. Because of its properties, such as fracture predictability and exceptional cutting-edge quality, obsidian was an important raw material extracted and processed to produce blades, razors, knives and weapons before the discovery of metallurgy.

his book entitled The Foreign Relations of the "Hyksos": A Neutron Activation Study of Middle Bronze Age Pottery from the Eastern Mediterranean Generation IV reactor (4, words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article.

ACS obsidian paper pdf u 6 electron microprobe (Table 1). Comparison of the average major/minor element values for the western Mediterranean sources reveals that K2O concentration alone can often distinguish SA from SB from SC ( ± ; ± ; and ±.

Hughes, M. J., M. Cowell and D. Hook Neutron activation and plasma emission spectrometric analysis in archaeology. British Museum occasional pa British Museum Press, London Hughes, R. Intrasource chemical variability of artefact-quality obsidians from the Casa Diablo area, California, Journal of Archaeological.

Characterization of obsidian sources and artefacts from central and eastern Europe, using instrumental neutron activation analysis.

(In:) K. Biró (ed.), Proceedings of the international conference on lithic Raw material used in prehistory, flint mining and lithic raw. More recently Bigazzi et al. (, ) showed that the combination of different techniques based on parameters, such as FT dating and trace element composition by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA), is an efficient diagnostic tool, especially in case of ambiguous source identifications and/or in case of areas where knowledge of.

The potential contribution of molecular genetics towards the linguistic and population history of the Mediterranean islands.

Journal of Cultural Heritage [58] Renfrew C.(). Western sepulchres and the origins of Megalithism ( BCE). Feather S.W. and Renfrew C. Neutron activation analysis of Aegean obsidians. Nature,   Scholars identify the chemical fingerprint of each deposit through such methods as X-ray fluorescence or neutron activation analysis and then compare that to what is found in an obsidian artifact.

Early Neolithic obsidians in Sardinia (Western Mediterranean): the Su Carroppu case. Journal of Archaeological Science 34(3) Refer to the book, article, or website you got it from, or indicate if it is entirely your own work (see above on referencing).

‘The application of instrumental neutron activation analysis to a study of prehistoric steatite artifacts and source materials’ Archaeome 1: ‘Obsidian in the western Mediterranean: characterization. a The Foreign Relations of the “Hyksos”: A Neutron Activation Study of Middle Bronze Age Pottery from the Eastern Mediterranean.

Oxford: Archaeopress. b The Funerary Banquet of AKing [email protected] Expedition McGovern, P. E., et al. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) Characterization of Pre-Contact Basalt Quarries on the American Samoan Island of Tutuila.

Unpublished Master's Thesis, Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas. JONES, MARTIN () PDF A Brief Prehistory of Time. Unpublished Ph.D, Dissertation, University of. Neutron-activation analysis of Campbell appliquéd pottery from southeastern Missouri and western Tennessee: Implications for Late Mississippian intersite relations.

Southeastern Archaeology, – Rautman, Marcus (). Neutron activation analysis of Cypriot and related ceramics at the University of Missouri. Neutron activation analyses. is the determination of origin based on Neutron activation analysis (NAA). A total of around pottery sherds and vessels from various find sites of the western and eastern Mediterranean have been analyzed by Hans Mommsen.

Greek pottery following the late Bronze Age was not used by Greeks but instead by. New books International Series British Series By sub-series By subject By period By region By language Advanced search Complete catalogue (PDF) Contact us Sign up for free BAR Membership BAR Publishing Tel.

+44 (0) After an examination of the ways in which the Mediterranean and modernity have been defined in contradistinction to each other, this chapter shows how an analysis of the similarities and differences among the three main strands of modern Mediterraneanist studies—honor and shame, patronage, and cosmopolitanism—may help us overcome the academic separation between nostalgic images of past.

The neutron-activation program at Brookhaven produced evidence for changes through time of obsidian-exploitation areas within the Sierra de Pachuca based mainly on the analysis of artifacts from TeotihuacSn and a series of Formative sites in the Basin of Mexico (Boksenbaum et.

1 This paper concentrates on the Neolithic of eastern Italy, but also looks briefly at the evidence from the other side of the Adriatic, in western Greece and Dalmatia. 2 The Neolithic of eastern Italy, especially southeast Italy, is in one sense well known.

The work of scholars such as Mayer ( ; ), Mosso (), Rellini () and Ridola ( ; ) in the early part of this. Neutron Activation Analysis of Aegean Obsidian. Nature,V., Trace element analysis of obsidian sources and artifacts of Central Chile (Maule River Basin) and Western Argentina (Colorado River).

R.H., Obsidian finds on the fringes of Central Mediterranean. In: Vianello, A. (Eds.), Exotica in the Prehistoric. neutron activation analysis of ad – european copper‐coloured blue glass trade beads from ontario, canada.

kenyon; r. hancock; s. aufreiter; pages: ; first published: 01 august Neutron Activation Analysis of Obsidian: An Example of Its Relevance To Northwestern Archaeology. George C.

Frison, Gary A. Wright, James B. Griffin, Adon A. Gordus. Plains Anthropologist. 13 (41): (tDAR id: ). Mediterranean. July – August German Archaeological Institute, Berlin. February on the archaic Greek trade economy.

Foundation Grant for Faculty for research and publication: Neutron Activation Analysis of the Ionian Cups from the Western Mediterranean. Foundation Grant for Faculty for research, The Evergreen State College.

The results of a steady state analysis suggest a ∼3‐day mean residence time for the marine aerosol during the period of our observations, a ∼ μg m −2 d −1 loss rate of Cl (probably as HCl) from the marine aerosol, and a subsequent ‐day mean residence time in the marine atmosphere.

Neutron activation analysis of colonial ceramics from southern highland Ecuador. Archaeometry, 46(4), Neff, Hector, Michael D. Glascock, and Timothy K. Perttula (). Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis of tejano and Mexican Ceramics from Colonial Sites at Falcon Reservoir, Zapata County, Texas.

La Tierra, 31(1), Where three worlds met: Sicily in the early medieval Mediterranean by Sarah C. Davis-Secord, Ithaca, Cornell University Press,xx + pp., 4 maps, 10 figures, US$/US$ (cloth & Kindle), ISBN Using the concentrations of four elements measured by both neutron activation analysis (NAA) and EDXRF, a Euclidean distance search of obsidian samples in the MURR NAA data- base was conducted using log-transformed concen- trations for Rb, Zr, Mn, and Fe,O.

The EDXRF results for the Spiro artifact matched the Pachuca. Italian anthropologist Giuseppe Sergi claimed that the Mediterranean race was "the greatest race in the world".

He defined it as "the finest brunet race which has appeared in North Africa derived neither from the black nor white peoples, but constitut[ing] an autonomous stock in the human family.".: 24–27 Sergi claimed that the Mediterranean Race probably historically spoke a Hamitic.

Free Online Library: Estimacion de edades arqueologicas usando la hidratacion de obsidianas: dos fuentes de los Andes meridionales. by "Revista Chungara. Revista de Antropologia Chilena"; Anthropology, archeology, folklore Fechacion arqueologica Investigacion cientifica Tecnica Tiempo geologico.Analysis.

The samples were dried, crushed and sieved out the particles of size ≤ 1 mm. A g of each sediment sample was digested with 8 ml aqua regia in the closed microwave vessel for 15 min. An aliquot of the extract was diluted with deionized water for the further analysis.

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